Surgical Hair Restoration has greatly moved on over the last 15-20 years and now has two established techniques for harvesting hair, Follicular Unit Transplant, or FUT, and Follicular Unit Extraction, FUE.
Is a hair transplant a cure for hair loss? NO; it simply allows for the transfer of genetically strong hair from one area, known as the donor, to the area of hair loss, known as the recipient area. It is impossible to replace like for like hair lost, and especially as hair loss progresses the need for hair becomes higher as the surface area increases; to be able to cover extensive hair loss requires medical and artistic skills.
A major benefit to a hair transplant is when performed correctly the hair is genetically strong so will permanently grow when transplanted and mimic natural hair growth before hair loss occurred. A con is not everyone is a candidate, so it is important to research carefully before entering into surgical hair restoration, contact multiple clinics for a professional consultation and advice.
A successful hair transplant relies on the quality of hair in the donor; a high density of follicular units and good natural hair characteristics. Combined with the ability of the medical team to utilise the attributes available. When the techniques are utilised well with an educated harvesting protocol on an average candidate it is possible to reach over 6000 grafts, and a good candidate 9000 plus grafts, achieving total restoration.This permits candidates with advanced hair loss to achieve a natural looking density and coverage, sometimes under the right conditions in one procedure.
As we cannot replace like for like hair it is important to create the illusion of fullness; this can be achieved by strategically placing the FU´s, watching the angle and orientation as well as the natural curvature of the hair shaft. Factors that may make an individual a non-candidate generally revolve around the quality of the donor area; if there is a high % of miniaturisation or low hair density, poor skin laxity, a skin complaint to name a few. If the case it is advised not to commence surgical hair restoration, even when the procedure is performed to a high standard the result maybe under par due to the limitations of the donor hair characteristics.
It is often a compromise between patient and doctor when designing a hair transplant, weighing up your objectives against hair characteristics and long term hair loss potential to ensure over time a natural result can be maintained